Don't miss any of the latest [P]Rehab content

click below to join our newsletter and get our latest content emailed to you when released!

Do your shoulders feel like they are loose? Has your shoulder suddenly popped out of its socket, and back into place? Have you ever been in a position where you raise your arm up and say to yourself, “Wow it felt like my shoulder was going to come out of place!”? If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may have what is known as 'shoulder instability'. This happens to occur in many individuals, as the shoulder is the most mobile joint in our entire body, and as a result, its stability is often sacrificed. Sometimes, certain injuries may accompany an episode of instability that can be categorized either as a subluxation (transient slip in and out of a joint), or dislocation (a joint moves and stays out of place). How do we avoid these episodes of instability from occurring? [P]Rehab!! Follow along in this article, as we will discuss how and why shoulder instability occurs, what common signs and symptoms of shoulder instability are, and the ultimate guide of how to prevent shoulder instability!

Bone Stress Injuries (BSI) are not uncommon in avid runners, track and field athletes, and endurance athletes. As common as they may be, they are still very difficult to deal, hard to identify for the average person, and unfortunately can turn into full-blown bone stress fractures before being correctly identified and treated. In this article, we will discuss exactly what bone stress injuries and bone stress fractures are, what the risk factors are, and prehab strategies to get back to running after a bone stress fracture.

Pain is a qualia and an enigma; it’s a sensation that is routinely described yet not fully understood. The mystery lies in that pain is an experience felt by almost all individuals at some point in their lives, however, the experience of this universal sensation remains individualized and unique to that person. What is pain? Why do we have pain? How far has pain science research come? Is pain a good or a bad thing? Can we combat the high and rising rates of chronic pain and the opioid epidemic? Find out in this series of articles!

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) is a fairly common diagnosis, affecting approximately 8% of the population. Pain with TOS often presents anywhere between the neck, face, occipital region or into the chest, shoulder, with paresthesia into the upper extremity based on where the symptoms are originating from. Similar to other conditions, this diagnosis encompasses a host of signs and symptoms, yet does not always tell us the specific pain generator. TOS can be broken down into neurogenic TOS (95-98% of cases according to Davidovic et al. 2003) vs. vascular TOS (1). Furthermore, vascular TOS can further be subdivided into either Arterial TOS or Venous TOS. In this article, we will help you understand what thoracic outlet syndrome is, the causes behind it, and excellent exercises for thoracic outlet syndrome! 

‘Dead Butt Syndrome’ - SAY WHAT?! There are more and more articles coming out, especially in recent months in light of our global pandemic, about a supposed ‘dead butt syndrome’, or ‘gluteal amnesia’. This condition is thought to be characterized by a person’s body ‘forgetting’ how to ‘turn on’ or ‘fire’ a gluteal contraction due to extended periods of time in a seated position. But can this actually happen? If it does happen, how does this actually happen anatomically? Can our glute muscles actually ‘forget’ how to activate properly? Do long periods of sitting actually have an effect on our muscle mass, appearance, and strength? In this article, we explore the validity of this topic about how to turn on your glutes as well as provide you with exercises that will actually target your glutes!

Turf toe injuries many times are left improperly managed and can lead to chronic pain, reduced push-off strength, and eventually joint deformity if left untreated. Turf toe describes an injury to the bottom surface of the big toe joint, known as the plantar metatarsophalangeal-sesamoid complex. Turf toe injuries occur when the joint of the big toe gets forced into hyperextension. This typically happens to football players when someone falls on their foot forcing the heel to drive forward over a planted big toe. This motion typically injures the joint capsule and ligaments on the bottom side of the foot, leaving it very painful. While most common in footballers, there is also a high incidence of turf toe injuries in rugby and soccer players as well. This article will cover a rehab guideline for getting back on the field after an old turf toe injury, in addition, we've included a FREE workout with the best turf toe exercises!

The knee extension machine is present in most gyms across the United States. While many people use this machine, many others do not for fear of causing damage to their knees. Why is it that some people fear the knee extension machine? Is it safe to use? Is it a useful tool? Is it “functional” ? This article will teach you why the knee extension machine is safe, why it can be crucial to overcoming knee pain, and how to include it in your exercise or rehabilitation program.

The shoulder is a very complex joint, one of the most complex in the human body. Moreover, it is the most mobile joint, which means that as a result, it must sacrifice some of its stability. It is imperative for the musculature and soft tissue structures surrounding the shoulder to be bulletproofed with strength in order to give that stability the shoulder needs to function at its optimal capacity. In this article, we will be demonstrating and explaining our favorite evidence based shoulder exercises. Principles of biomechanics, kinesiology, and electromyography will be explained as well and you'll learn how to increase targeted muscle activation, improve scapular muscle activation sequencing, and challenge shoulder stability!

For decades, Kenyan and Ethiopian runners, both male and female, have dominated long distance running on the world stage. With their dominance comes the curiosity and intrigue looking for answers about how and why they've risen to the top in such an impressive and sustained manner. Kenya and Ethiopia first competed in the Olympics in 1956. In 1960, Ethiopia won its first Olympic medal with Abebe Bikila taking the gold in the marathon event in Rome. Shortly thereafter, Wilson Kiprugut won Kenya's first Olympic medal, with a third-place finish in the 800m event in 1964. Since then, Kenya and Ethiopia have come to dominate the middle and long distance events at the Olympics, World Championships, and other international events, including IAAF World Cross-Country Championships and major marathons and road races across the world. Here we attempt to uncover the secrets to long distance running, and factors that may explain the unparalleled success of East African long distance runners!

Sedentary lifestyles are an undesirable hallmark of modern society, affecting a significant proportion of the population. Prolonged sitting, (a form of sedentary behavior), has progressively become the norm with computerization in the workplace. These developments are not only detrimental to physiological health and well-being with rising levels of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, but also musculoskeletal health. Recent research findings have found an association between prolonged sitting (>8 hours a day) and increased neck, shoulder, and low back pain. This is why posture has become such a hot topic and what are the best exercises for a good versus bad posture! When we think about posture, it always brings us to thoracic spine mobility. Sedentary behaviors may induce a relatively stiff thoracic spine contributing towards the dysfunction in the adjacent spinal regions. This article will provide you with exercises to improve your thoracic spine mobility!